Mint: Planting, Growing, Care and Harvesting Mint Plants
Growing mint is an incredibly appreciative occupation for the plant grower. Widely used in cooking for cooking side dishes or flavoring dishes, this plant also has unique healing properties. And what to say about tea with mint! Fragrant, gentle, refreshing, quenching thirst and restoring strength, this drink is a traditional subject of the favorite meals of thousands of tea connoisseurs. How to plant mint and what is the care of the plant? Consider the main issues of planting and cultivation of this culture.
Mint: planting and care
When choosing a place for a future garden, many plant newcomers wonder where it is better to plant mint – in the sun or in the shade? An ideal place for planting mint is an open area, well lit by the sun during the day, with sufficiently fertile, moist and deeply cultivated soil. Since mint, due to its creeping rhizomes, grows rather quickly, it is recommended to restrict its edges with slate, iron or plastic when arranging the bed, digging strips of barrier material to the depth of the roots of the plant.
How to plant mint
When planning planting activities, determine, first of all, how you will plant mint – with seeds, cuttings or by dividing rhizomes. With the seed method, the planting should begin in mid-April.
Carefully plant the seeds in pots or a container, using a pointed stick or a special planting syringe for seeds for ease of planting. Carefully, to avoid washing out the seed material, pour the soil in the pots, then cover the containers with film and place in a warm, bright place. When the plants reach 4-6 cm in height and release 3-4 pairs of leaves, it is possible to move the seedlings to open ground, having first added mineral (potash, nitrogenous, phosphoric) and organic (wood ash and rotted manure) fertilizers to it.
It is recommended to plant mint in rows, keeping a distance of 30-40 cm between them. It is best to make the intervals between seedlings half-meter-wide – the mint will grow very soon and the rows will become thick. If you want the bushes to grow thick and low, about two weeks after planting, pinch the tops of the young plants.
Another way to plant mint is reproduction by cuttings. Cut off adult plants 5-7 cm long upper parts, place them in water and then transplant them into open ground as the roots appear.
If you plan to plant mint by dividing the rhizome, cut the root so that at least ten knots remain on each of the parts. Plant the planting material to a depth of 10 cm, bringing a small handful of humus under each tuber. Peculiarities of mint care For such an unassuming plant as mint, care consists of systematic (preferably daily) watering of the bed and regular mulching of the soil, with the addition of wood ash and compost to the mulch. Soil fertilization is performed twice a year for the first time – in the spring, and the second time – in the autumn, on the eve of frosts, during deep digging. oia,
The optimal time for collecting mint is the period of its flowering, when plants accumulate the greatest amount of essential oils. To prepare the mint leaves for the winter, they need to be dried well, spreading it in a thin layer on thick paper. When the mint is ready for storage, put the dry leaves in a dry, airtight container and place the container in a dark place. There, fragrant and healing mint will be stored for a long time, periodically delighting the household with the savor of dishes and the exquisite tea family meals or healing them from the blues, indisposition and annoying fatigue!